Clinical Course and Disease`s Outcome Aspects of COVID-19 Pediatric Patients in Ibn Al-Khateeb Isolation Hospital

  • Abbas Oweid Oleiw Fatima Al Zahra Administrative Hospital, Baghdad, IRAQ
  • Kholod Dhaher Habib Fatima Al Zahra Administrative Hospital, Baghdad, IRAQ https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3278-6338
  • Kadhim Abed Mohammed Fatima Al Zahra Administrative Hospital, Baghdad, IRAQ
  • Oday Yassen Abbas Fatima Al Zahra Administrative Hospital, Baghdad, IRAQ
  • Zainab Ali Jaber College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2692-5322
Keywords: COVID-19, clinical feature, Chest x- ray, chest computed tomographic (CT) scans, outcome

Abstract

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a communicable disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread globally, leading to an ongoing pandemic.

Aim of study: to review the clinical, lab investigation and imaging techniques, in pediatric age group affected COVID-19 to help medical experts better understand and supply timely diagnosis and treatment.

Subjects and methods: this study is a retrospective descriptive clinical study. The medical records of patients were analyzed. Information’s recorded include demographic data, exposure history, symptoms, signs, laboratory findings, chest x- ray, and chest computed tomographic (CT) scans. Data were obtained with data collection forms from paper medical records.

Results:  there were 76 COVID-19 pediatric patients, 46.1% of those patients were within the age group 6 -10 years. The female to male ratio was 1:1, and 92.1% of them were living within the urbane area. About 60.5% of patients were pupils. Seventy-one (93.4%) patients of them had no comorbidity. Twenty (26.3%) patients were asymptomatic.  Regarding the duration of hospital stay, 39(51.31) patients had <7 days. All of the patients were nonsmokers. All patients had recovered and discharged from hospital after 2 negative real technique-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, no death was reported. Only 16(21.1%) patients had severe symptoms.

Conclusions: the most common symptoms were fever, Cough, Loss of appetite, Shortness of breath & Fatigue. There was a statistically significant association between white blood cells counts, neutrophil number, Chest X-Ray results, with case severity and a statistically significant association between form of treatment in patients who received Oxygen, Oseltamivir, Azithromycin, Paracetamol, Dexamethasone, and case severity.

Published
2021-08-30
How to Cite
Oleiw, A., Habib, K., Mohammed, K., Abbas, O., & Jaber, Z. (2021). Clinical Course and Disease`s Outcome Aspects of COVID-19 Pediatric Patients in Ibn Al-Khateeb Isolation Hospital. AL-Kindy College Medical Journal, 17(2), 84-90. https://doi.org/10.47723/kcmj.v17i2.251